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CRAFTA Photo GalleryThe CRAFTA-1 Foundations course focuses on the assessment and management of the craniomandibular-facial region and its functional relations. Students will learn about pain mechanisms of the relevant craniomandibular structures, the function of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the neurophysiological, biomechanical, and functional relationships with the cervical spine.

Primary topics include the subjective and physical examination and various treatment techniques of the TMJ. The course includes an up-to-date review of the current neurobiological and anatomical knowledge of the function of the TMJ.

In addition, theoretical presentation will include pertinent aspects of dentistry aspects such as brace/splint therapy and an introduction to various clinical syndromes, such as bruxism, bracing, (cervical) headaches, neuralgias, and the otomandibular syndrome. The course includes theoretical and practical sessions.

For the craniofacial region, students will learn to identify and recognize clinical patterns and develop clinical skills for the assessment and management of the craniofacial region within a defined clinical reasoning model. This course includes a thorough review of the function, anatomy, biomechanical properties, pathology, examination and treatment of the craniofacial region.

Participants will receive access to the online module during the CRAFTA-1 course.

Specific theoretical lectures include:

  • Functional neuro-anatomy
  • Pathologies
  • Clinical differential diagnoses
  • The function and anatomy of the neuro- and viscerocranium
  • Cranial growth models
  • Models of cranial movement and management objectives
  • The facial skeleton
  • Treatment principles

Specific practical sessions include:

  • Palpation of reference points
  • The physical examination
  • Manual treatment techniques
  • Treatment Set-up, general and targeting specific syndromes
  • Patient presentations with follow up
  • Palpation of the cranial structures
  • General and specific examination and treatment techniques of the neuro- and viscera cranium

Course Objectives

At the conclusion of the CRAFTA-1 Foundations course, students will be able to:

  • Examine the craniomandibular region
  • Formulate a clinical reasoning model for the management of patients with craniomandibular dysfunctions
  • Identify clinical patterns and etiological and other contributing factors applicable to the craniomandibular region
  • Recognize specific pain patterns and muscle, joint and nerve structures
  • Treat patients with craniomandibular dysfunctions using a specific neuromusculoskeletal management approach


Note: Actual times may vary with each program at the discretion of the instructors. Coffee breaks are provided; meals are on your own.

Day 1
8:00 am–6:00 pm
8:00 am Lecture: Introduction
9:00 am Lecture: Functional anatomy of the craniomandibular region
9:45 am Practicum: Palpation of the main reference points of the craniomandibular region and surroundings
10:30 am Break
10:45 am Lecture: Clinical reasoning related to signs and symptoms of the craniomandibular region
11:15 am Lecture: Pathobiological mechanisms; Basic explanation model for clinical patterns of the craniomandibular region
12:00 pm Lecture: Subjective examination and planning the physical examination
12:30 pm Lunch
1:30 pm Practicum: Functional analysis of the craniomandibular region. Physical examination (Part 1)
3:45 pm Break
4:00 pm Lecture: The relationship between the craniomandibular region and other structures in the cranial region
5:00 pm Practicum: The physical examination (Part 2)
Day 2
8:00 am–6:00 pm
8:00 am Lecture: Differential diagnosis of craniomandibular dysfunctions
9:00 am Practicum: The physical examination (Part 3)
10:30 am Break
10:45 am Practicum: The physical examination (Part 4)
12:30 pm Lunch
1:30 pm Practicum: The physical examination (Part 5)
3:45 pm Break
4:00 pm Demonstration: Patient examination and treatment
5:00 pm Practicum: The physical examination (Part 6)
Day 3
8:00 am–6:00 pm
8:00 am Lecture: Management of craniomandibular dysfunctions (General)
9:00 am Practicum: Neuromuscular Rehabilitation
10:00 am Practicum: Palpation of articular structures
10:30 am Break
10:45 am Lecture and practicum: Management of articular craniomandibular dysfunctions
12:30 pm Lunch
1:30 pm Practicum: Muscular craniomandibular dysfunctions (Part 1)
2:45 pm Lecture: Para-functions and the Otomandibular syndrome
3:30 pm Break
3:45 pm Lecture and practicum: Muscular craniomandibular dysfunctions (Part 2)
Day 4
8:00 am–3:00 pm
8:00 am Lecture: Activites of daily living
9:00 am Practicum: Follow-up patient
9:45 am Practicum: Clinical reasoning exercise
10:30 am Break
10:45 am Lecture: Craniofacial dysfunctions and functional relations
11:30 am Lecture: General definitions and the dynamic skull
12:30 pm Lunch
1:30 pm Lecture: Cranial dynamics, which structures do we influence?
2:00 pm Lecture: Clinical anatomy of relevant cranial structures

CRAFTA-2: Craniofacial Assessment and Management